Proposed Plan of FEFA for Independent Media of Afghanistan to Support Electoral Reforms

Media as fourth estate in democratic regimes have always played an effective role in implementation of reforms. Experiences have shown that professional and targeted use of independent media to support reforms in a country produces desired results, because impressibility level of people and political leaders are always very high, and it can persuade decision makers or organs to bring necessary reforms. It is, however, worth mentioning that this is possible only when the independent media are completely aware of their responsibility organize and coordinate their programs effectively and professionally by taking effective steps in order to bring positive changes to the society.

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FEFA's Proposal to Amend The Structure,Duties,Authorities Law of Independent Election Commission

This draft proposal on IEC structure duty and mandate is result of a consultative process that engaged civil society, political parties and academicians, including Afghan national academy of science and members of parliament, this group formed and facilitate by FEFA and made regularly for the past four months, this draft proposed laws, we hope can generate and contribute to national debate on electoral.

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FEFA Suggested Recommendation on MOI Policy Concerning Election

FEFA appreciates efforts of ministry of interior affairs for having considerable measurements towards securing four previous rounds of election. FEFA is keen to support recommendations and effective policies of the mentioned ministry in the future.

Based on monitoring experiences of FEFA from four previous elections, they are providing recommendations as follow:

Making a specific policy to Guarantee effective police function during election:

FEFA believes, beside the general operation plan MOI is required to implement a policy which covers functions of police and their neutrality, and insure security for voters, candidates, observers, and facilitators from start of election until 6 months later.

Female candidate’s access for further security services: it’s required to give priority to female candidate’s security in this policy, and it shall be considered as significant mission of police in center and provinces. This policy shall pave the ground for further security service to female candidates.

FEFA’s Open Letter to President and Chief Executive of Afghanistan

Gardener! You seem unaware of autumn
Alas! You lose your flowers when wind blows
(Farsi poet)
His Excellency Dr. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, president and H.E Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, chief executive of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan!
Hope more success for H.E president and H.E chief executive of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Almost one year ago the National Unity Government (NUG) established. Over this period Afghanistan developed in foreign politics including peace talks process and promoting the political position of Afghanistan in the world. However, there are some signs of development in good governance too but the government hasn’t taken any practical step in electoral reform section which forms the substantive part of political agreement. The current ambiguous circumstance separate nation from state and increase public distrust on democracy and election. Your silence in this regard enhance ambiguity and public distrust. According to article (64) of constitution president is responsible for enforcement of constitution. Thus, both leaders of NUG promised people and international community to implement the articles of political agreement and fundamentally reform all sectors and sections.

Policy of Police Duties in Election

Maintaining the security of polling stations in the upcoming presidential election is a major challenge. Security has important role in conducting a fair and free election. FEFA has strived a lot for electoral reforms in the country. Deeming its national and international experiences of observing elections, FEFA drafted a proposal to specify the role of electoral stakeholders in election and presented it to the related institutions. FEFA presented a specific proposal to Ministry of Interior Affairs on (Policy of Ministry of Interior Affairs for the Election)
The principle of (role of Police in election) which is mentioned in the Declaration of Principles Proposed by Political Parties and Civil Society Organizations for Election) emphasizes on the impartiality of police during maintaining the security of election process.
For implementing the mentioned principle FEFA conducted a session on May 16, 2013with (General Abdul Razaq Sayghany) head of the policy of Ministry of Interior Affairs. At the beginning of the session, head of the Policy of Ministry of Interior Affairs said,” Ministry of interior Affairs has regulated the policy on duties of police during election and has included the proposal of FEFA.

CSOs Expressed Their Opinions on Reevaluation of the Law on IEC’s Composition, Duties and Competences

A number of CSOs conducted a session with the members of the Judicial and Justice Committee of Wolesi Jirga to express their opinions about the new changes of the law on Independent Election Commission’s composition, duties and competences, which is sent by government to parliament for reevaluation. Forum of the CSOs that FEFA is its profisional member in election field had considered the needs for reevaluating the law or no and shared its opinions with the MPs.

FEFA also presented its specific proposal on considering the needs for reevaluating the law and shared its legal and professional vision and opinion in this regard with the National Assembly, CSOs, Media and people.
Shah Mahmood Mall a representative of FEFA in the session said, that during revision of the law parliament must take the opinions and vision of CSOs into account.
Subsequently MPs, promised to take the vision and opinions of CSOs into account while reapproving the law. The MPs said, Wolesi Jirga will elect one option among two, it will defend its previous draft or put this law again in a vote to approve by two-third of vote pro.

 

FEFA’s Proposal on Government’s Demand for the Parliament’s Review of the Law on IEC and ECC Composition, Duties and Competences

Free & Fair Election Forum of Afghanistan Organization (FEFA) believes that approval of the law on IEC  and ECCs’ Composition, Duties and Competence is an important step towards empowering the current  electoral system of the country. Having the Law on IEC and ECC under debate in the Parliament, MPs   are urged to carefully and accurately review the law because any deadlock in the endorsement and  enforcement process can enervate all the efforts made by the Parliament, CSOs and political parties in  this regard. Therefore, FEFA proposes a set of recommendations to avoid any possible impediment that  might hinder the approval of this law. The recommendations are as follows:

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FEFA’s Proposed Advisory Draft on Electoral Law

Introduction

Continued reform of the electoral system is a basic necessity to institutionalise democracy in countriesthat have passed their preliminary experiencesin elections. This is aimed at enriching the legalsystem governing elections by making an effective use of lessonslearnt by people and stakeholdersin their experiences with election processes.

Support for electoral reform and extensive civil participation is important to pave the ground for free and fair elections in a country, which can increase people’s sense of ownership of political processes.
Support for electoral reform and extensive civil participation is important to pave the ground for free and fair elections in a country, which can increase people’s sense of ownership of political processes.

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Lawmakers Support Election Law Amendments: FEFA

TOLOnews.com Wednesday, 29 August 2012
The Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan (FEFA) said Wednesday that most Afghan parliamentarians want amendments to the election law.
In a recent poll conducted by the group, the majority of lawmakers favoured a change in the law - specifically in the structure, duties and authority of the Afghan Independent Election Commission, FEFA chief Jandad Spinghar said at a briefing Wednesday.
The briefing in Kabul included representatives from FEFA, political parties, social activists, the UN and other national and international bodies' in Afghanistan.
"We wanted to give a clear picture to the political parties and social activists as to how much enthusiasm there is among Afghan lawmakers to approve the new law," Spinghar said.
According to Spinghar, the lawmakers want all the election commissioners to gain vote of confidence from the parliament to hold their position in order to ensure their impartiality, effectiveness, independence, and qualifications.
He also added that the new election law should also be supported by Afghan president, cabinet and politicians.
"In order to have an independent and impartial and professional election commission, President Karzai, the cabinet, the parliamentarians and all politicians should support the election law," he said. Continue Reading on http://tolonews.com/en/afghanistan/7382-lawmakers-support-election-law-amendments-fefa-

FEFA

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Tel:+93-799 -310664

Web site: www.fefa.org.af

    

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